ARTS3091, week4 – Global Mnemotechnics

Back in the day, people might rely on their own memory even through painting, printing and writing. Besides, they could recall their memory through own experience, habits, action, etc. However, the introduction of new technologies allows us to improve our memory and also increase mental performance with media technologies. Indeed, we can easily find around us and see how people use new technologies/technique to recall their memories using iPhone, iTunes, Facebook, etc. I also use these media technologies to remember the moment or experience. For an example, I often use my mobile phone to remind me (e.g., shopping list, photos, music, notes, etc) and it is much easier to recall my memory. Additionally, I rely mainly on my laptop to look at my lecture (recalling memories) so I can simply open my word documents to recall things through technical devices – anamnesis and hypomnesis.

According to Chalmers, many forms of technology act as a kind of like an extension for the mind and memory. In particular, archive allows us to conserve more and recall certain memories due to developed modern media technologies. I can own archive function through my gmail.com and rearrange it. Besides, I collect my photos and videos from iPhone’s album and I post my status such as using Facebook check-in and uploading photos so as to record/reminisce the moments in our everyday lives (Twitter, Apple’s iTunes and Blackboard in this respect) – mnemotechnics like networks and internet. Hence, it facilitates to recall my memories and experiences easily. Indeed, this mnemotechnics (art of memory) shifts in relation to the digitization of mnemotechnologies.

However, its rapid changing of technical development might threaten other new mnemotechnologies to disappear as well as make more development of new technologies. It encourages us to archive our experiences and share them with others in a hyperlocal context. It intervenes in the relationship between the experiencing self and remembering self (Kahneman 2010) and mediates the maintenance of a hyperlocal and global memory. Moreover, Stiegler mentions our growing reliance on technologies that “Now, these cognitive technologies, to which we confide a greater and greater part of our memory, cause us to lose an ever-greater part of our knowledge. To lose a cell phone is to lose the trace of the telephone numbers of our correspondents and to realize that they are no longer in the psychical memory but in the apparatuss’s.” (Stiegler n.d.). It means it might be able to make us forgotten. For instance, we used to preserve relying heavily on libraries and archives whereas in present, it can be recorded using various archival technologies.

The word for blog week #4: experience

References:

Chalmers, D 2009, ‘The Extended Mind Revisited [1/5], at Hong Kong, viewed on 27 March 2013, accessed <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8S149IVHhmc>.

Stiegler, B (n.d.), ‘Anamnesis and Hypomnesis: Plato as the first thinker of the proletarianisation’, Ars Industrialis, viewed on 27 March 2013, accessed <http://arsindustrialis.org/anamnesis-and-hypomnesis>.

TED 2010, Daniel Kahneman: The riddle of experience vs. memory, viewed on 27 March 2013, accessed <http://www.ted.com/talks/daniel_kahneman_the_riddle_of_experience_vs_memory.html>.

‘The External Mind’, Wikipedia, viewed on 27 March 2013, accessed <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_Mind>.

ARTS3091, week3 – Ecologies

Media Ecology refers to the principle that technology profoundly influences individuals and society as a whole. Marshall McLuhan and Neil Postman describe media environment relating to ecosystems – how various media closely relate each other and therefore act like an ecology system. It enhances the understanding of relationship between media and cultural and social change. Here, two media theorists examine how media and communications affect on our perception and understanding of the media. Further, Fuller explains ‘media ecology’ as the massive and dynamic interrelation of processes and objects, beings and things, patterns and matter. Its media ecosystem is highly dynamic, unstable and complex.

Indeed, emergence of new media technologies in the past few decades have led significant changes the way we behave, interact and react with people, culture, society, etc. similarly, it is closely related to concept of technological determinism. Introduction of new technologies brought the most important influence upon society and behavior. It states that media technology shapes/forms how we as individuals in a society think, feel, act and how society operates as we move from one technological age to another e.g., tribal – literate – print – electronic. For an example, advancement of technologies allows us to interact and engage with much knowledge, information and human activities. Especially, web 3.0, electronic agora and social networking service like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube enable us to communicate and interact with others. Besides, it introduce a new to get involved e.g., Occupy Wall Street, Arab Spring, Wikileaks, Crikey, TED, citizen journalism, etc. New media, in particular internet and social networking services (SNSs), became as a major catalyst for spreading influential social revolution and empowers people to raise their voice, such as The Arab Spring and Occupy movement – these constantly affect on our feeling, thoughts, value and behavior. Additionally, Deitz mentions that Wikileaks have changed the relationship between citizens and governments and these new technologies enable us to become an active citizen. It provides broad overview of the new media, cultural and social change.

Political, social, cultural and economic changes, these are correlated with complex and dynamic media ecology. An example of Hitler, it explains new intimate medium such as radio that allows us to talk to people directly in their homes, new forms of media will replace another – President Obama uses Twitter to push his agenda to the public in digital era. Subsequently, new media technology and society has changed dramatically, and will, and always has, how we interact with the world. It also will continue to change in years to come.

The word for blog week #3: metacommunication

References:

Deitz, M 2010, ‘The New Media Ecology’, On Line Opinion: Australia’s e-journal of social and political debate, viewed on 20 March 2013, accessed at <http://www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp?article=11410&page=1>.

Fuller, Matthew (2005) ‘Introduction: Media Ecologies’ in Media Ecologies: Materialist Energies in Art and Technoculture Cambridge, MA; MIT Press: 1-12

‘Media Ecology’, Wikipedia, viewed on 20 March 2013, accessed at <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_ecology>.

Media Ecology Association ‘What is Media Ecology’, viewed on 20 March 2013, accessed at <http://www.mediaecology.org/media_ecology/>.