Science, technology, innovation and media are correlated with all and these are creating ongoing transversals that are some of the main drivers of the social changes – but also media itself. Indeed, the emergence of new technologies has led significant and ongoing social changes in various industries and areas. Its influences highlight, notably the change of science and technology such as publishing, computing simulation, scientific research, etc.
Undoubtedly advancement of technology becomes one of main driver to change the way science, technology and innovation work. According to Nielson, he mentions ‘Open Science’ in his TED talk.
In general, the whole concept of open science is the movement to make scientific research, data and dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society, amateur or professional. It also includes practices such as publishing open research, campaigning for open access, etc. indeed, as contemporary society has been changing, its science and innovation has changed accordingly. In ‘Reinventing Discovery’, Michael Nielsen states that the use of online tools to transform the way science is done. Additionally, he makes the case that networked science has the potential to dramatically speed up the rate of scientific discovery, not just in one field, but across all of science.
Further, its influence also brings/changes new open access whereas we could only access those major scholar journals such as Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, etc. In fact, these major publishers control and manage most of scientific researches and practices therefore researchers cannot help but purchasing journals from major publishers in order to access information – also publishing journals based on previous research practices and be a recognized research on this area. From this, open access becomes one of ideal against monopoly practices for distributing journals. Its aim is to publish and distribute more information and knowledge for free or low price, sharing scholarly journals for research based on fundraising.
“Madisch is referring to the scientific practice of only publishing successful studies in research journals. That means negative data, failed data and raw data often never get shared.” – Madisch told ReadWrite (Orsini 2013)
Its open access movement also influence on peer review system. It totally changes research practices and its journal distribution system (Kelly 2010). As a result, it led a positive outcome by creating website “Cost of Knowledge”, thus resulting withdrawal of Elsevier’s Resource Works Act. (Academic spring: how an angry maths blog sparked a scientific revolution).
I believe open access will allow other researchers to trawl through one another’s data, combining the results to answer new questions. An early experiment combining data on malaria is showing how powerful sharing can be. It opens a way to improve research method and practices and also stimulates the development of science by research of crowds as Pisani mentioned.
p.s. Big open data leads to citizen science
WEEK #10: OPEN SCIENCE
Jha, A 2012, ‘Academic spring: how an angry maths blog sparked a scientific revolution’, The Guardian, viewed on 16 Mat 2013, accessed at <http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/apr/09/frustrated-blogpost-boycott-scientific-journals>.
Kelly, K (2010) ‘Evolving the Scientific Method: Technology is changing the way we conduct science’, The Scientist, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at <http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/57831/.>
Orsini, L 2013, ‘Bill Gates Backs “Open Science” Social Network ResearchGate In Push For Nobel Prize’, The Year of ReadWrite Social, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at <http://readwrite.com/2013/06/04/bill-gates-researchgate>.
Ray 2013, ‘Big open data leads to citizen science’, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at <http://silvertonconsulting.com/blog/2013/02/08/big-open-data-leads-to-citizen-science/>.
Wilbanks, John (2011) ‘On Science Publishing’, Seed, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at <http://seedmagazine.com/content/article/on_science_publishing>.