week12

SweatShoppe

New media art duo SWEATSHOPPE aka Blake Shaw and Bruno Levy

Video painting is a technology the duo developed that allows them to create the illusion that they are painting videos onto walls with electronic paint rollers they built. It works through custom software that they wrote that tracks the position of the paint rollers and projects video wherever they choose to paint, allowing them to explore the relationship between video, mark making and architecture and create live video collages in real time.

WK #12: Generative

Reference

SweatShoppe 2013, viewed on 28 May 2013, accessed at <http://www.sweatshoppe.org/>.

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week11

The notion of haunology explores the idea of the “past inside the present” – this idea derived from Jacques Derrida. Derrida’s Specters of Marx suggests “we are haunted by the ghosts of the past, and in a sense the ghost of the futures”. In other words, the present exists only with the respect to the past.

Indubitably, new media and technologies even media devices change our experience or time. Here, fast developing technologies allow us to live in comfortable environment/circumstance such as archives, ubiquitous computer, etc. for an example, Google Glass is hauntological. With Glass, time is indeed out of joint, and what it is haunted by is the future. The future son who watches that childhood video, or the gathering of friends who witness that skydive, beers in hand congratulating. The anticipation of another viewing – because that is the logic of why record? – and yet a future viewing that will never happen (Haute Pop 2013).

Rushkoff argues that we no longer have a sense of a future, of goals, of direction at all. We have a completely new relationship to time; we live in an always-on “now,” where the priorities of this moment seem to be everything. I understand his argument that everything is changing so quickly and we strive for moment not to take away or impact on our decision. The advanced technologies influence and change our behaviors with a quick pace. Besides, it will change our memory and perception reflecting the future and tell us what is important in the moments we were not concentrating on when it happened.

Especially, my everyday life relies mainly on new technologies. For instance, I take a photo rather taking a note and record a video for the moments. Additionally, these photos and videos are manageable through iCloud or iTunes. It allows me to archive all the data therefore I do not have to remember the information, simply open archived files. It can also be restored anytime whereas I cannot restore my lost memories or bring back good memories. Yes, the introduction of new technologies makes my life much easier and smarter than ever before. Sometimes I write a blog post and upload my Facebook status, photos or check in features in order to record the moment such as what I dreamed and thought a year ago. These blog post and photos can remember exactly whether it was beautiful, romantic or a silly joke.

WK #11: Hauntology

References

Rushkoff, Douglas (2012) ‘Present Shock’, viewed on 23 May 2013, accessed at <http://www.rushkoff.com/present-shock/>.

Wikipedia, 2013, ‘Hauntology’, viewed on 23 May 2013, accessed at <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hauntology>.

week10

Science, technology, innovation and media are correlated with all and these are creating ongoing transversals that are some of the main drivers of the social changes – but also media itself. Indeed, the emergence of new technologies has led significant and ongoing social changes in various industries and areas. Its influences highlight, notably the change of science and technology such as publishing, computing simulation, scientific research, etc.

Undoubtedly advancement of technology becomes one of main driver to change the way science, technology and innovation work. According to Nielson, he mentions ‘Open Science’ in his TED talk.

In general, the whole concept of open science is the movement to make scientific research, data and dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society, amateur or professional. It also includes practices such as publishing open research, campaigning for open access, etc. indeed, as contemporary society has been changing, its science and innovation has changed accordingly. In ‘Reinventing Discovery’, Michael Nielsen states that the use of online tools to transform the way science is done. Additionally, he makes the case that networked science has the potential to dramatically speed up the rate of scientific discovery, not just in one field, but across all of science.

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Further, its influence also brings/changes new open access whereas we could only access those major scholar journals such as Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, etc. In fact, these major publishers control and manage most of scientific researches and practices therefore researchers cannot help but purchasing journals from major publishers in order to access information – also publishing journals based on previous research practices and be a recognized research on this area. From this, open access becomes one of ideal against monopoly practices for distributing journals. Its aim is to publish and distribute more information and knowledge for free or low price, sharing scholarly journals for research based on fundraising.

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“Madisch is referring to the scientific practice of only publishing successful studies in research journals. That means negative data, failed data and raw data often never get shared.” – Madisch told ReadWrite (Orsini 2013)

Its open access movement also influence on peer review system. It totally changes research practices and its journal distribution system (Kelly 2010). As a result, it led a positive outcome by creating website “Cost of Knowledge”, thus resulting withdrawal of Elsevier’s Resource Works Act. (Academic spring: how an angry maths blog sparked a scientific revolution).

I believe open access will allow other researchers to trawl through one another’s data, combining the results to answer new questions. An early experiment combining data on malaria is showing how powerful sharing can be. It opens a way to improve research method and practices and also stimulates the development of science by research of crowds as Pisani mentioned.

p.s. Big open data leads to citizen science

WEEK #10: OPEN SCIENCE

References

Jha, A 2012, ‘Academic spring: how an angry maths blog sparked a scientific revolution’, The Guardian, viewed on 16 Mat 2013, accessed at <http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/apr/09/frustrated-blogpost-boycott-scientific-journals>.

Kelly, K (2010) ‘Evolving the Scientific Method: Technology is changing the way we conduct science’, The Scientist, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at  <http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/57831/.>

Orsini, L 2013, ‘Bill Gates Backs “Open Science” Social Network ResearchGate In Push For Nobel Prize’, The Year of ReadWrite Social, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at <http://readwrite.com/2013/06/04/bill-gates-researchgate>.

Ray 2013, ‘Big open data leads to citizen science’, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at <http://silvertonconsulting.com/blog/2013/02/08/big-open-data-leads-to-citizen-science/>.

Wilbanks, John (2011) ‘On Science Publishing’, Seed, viewed on 16 May 2013, accessed at <http://seedmagazine.com/content/article/on_science_publishing>.

ARTS3091, week9

A large number of social organizations began to use new media technologies or social media such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube to facilitate communications and encourage interaction between one and another user. Indeed, its significant changes in contemporary society could happen due to networking techniques. It became one of powerful/interactive tools to share their thoughts and opinions for ideal solution, even increasing user/audience participation and engagement. Additionally, it allows individuals to communicate and exchange information through the internet, namely social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies (Curtis 2011).

An example of GetUp in Australia explains how they could manage its campaign through the internet and encourage the community to take an active role in political decisions (GetUp! 2005). Indeed, GetUp! Action for Australia website, there is a little box where you can put your email address and get involved.

Furthermore, Andrew mentions Coalition of the Willing – this dynamic social organization aims to arouse people’s interest and concern about global climate change. It is a collaborative animated film and web-based event about an online war against global warming in a ‘post Copenhagen’ world. 24 artists from around the world using varied and eclectic film making techniques to increase awareness for seriousness of climate change. This film offers a response to the major problem of our time: how to galvanize and enlist the global public in the fight against global warming. This optimistic and principled film explores how we could use new Internet technologies to leverage the powers of activists, experts, and ordinary citizens in collaborative ventures to combat climate change. Through analyses of swarm activity and social revolution, ‘Coalition of the Willing’ makes a compelling case for the new online activism and explains how to hand the fight against global warming to the people (Ostrom 2010).

Moreover, new technologies enable us to access enormous information and provide any goods and services based on open source economies. It means opening access to the information and technology which enables a different economic system to be realized, one based on the integration of natural ecology, social ecology, and industrial ecology. This economic system is based on open access – based on widely accessible information and associated access to productive capital – distributed into the hands of an increased number of people such as open source software Linux, Firefox Wikipedia, etc (P2P Foundation 2009).

I agree if people concern more and participate actively enough in micropolitics to make the change that they really want for this world, doubtlessly everyone including me should engage ourselves in political activity in order for the improvement of “real” democracy. Besides, these social organizations heavily influence on the government to be more transparent and improve its effectiveness of decision making.

WK #9: Social Organization

References

Coalition of the Willing 2010, viewed on 9 May 2013, accessed at <http://coalitionofthewilling.org.uk/>.

‘Coalition of the Willing’, YouTube, viewed on 9 May 2013, accessed at <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OwSzDZnNjUk>.

Curtis, A 2011, ‘New Media of Mass Communication’ viewed on 9 May 2013, accessed at <http://www.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/NewMedia/NewMediaCommunicationTechnologies.html>.

GetUp! Action for Australia 2005, viewed on 9 May 2013, accessed at <http://www.getup.org.au>.

Ostrom, Elinor (2010) ‘A Multi-Scale Approach to Coping with Climate Change and Other Collective Action Problems’, Solutions: for a sustainable and desirable future 1(2)

ARTS3091, week8

Framing refers to a set of concepts and theoretical perspectives on how individuals and societies perceive, feel and sense the world – frameworks of perception/thinking/feeling. Further, Andrew mentions what we are likely to think, feel and do is all heavily framed by the media such as newspaper, television, online and even course outline as framing our thinking, feeling and doing. Indeed, this means of communication/mass media provides a certain frame to think and also heavily influences on our behaviors. For an example, online news displays certain or a framed news articles to read and I tend to believe what I have read from the articles. Sometimes, it is hard to think outside the box or consume outside of frames because it has already framed. Undoubtedly, media becomes much powerful and dominates its power yet this framing does not always work perfectly or all the time. as advancement of technologies influence on cultural/social change, a line that cuts across other line perhaps across entire fields – bringing the fields together in a way, creating fields as something else (Murphie 2006). It moves/connects dramatically across/through and blurs the boundaries between frames – framing and transversality are closely intertwined.

Transversality can be described as moves/connects, dramatically across/through between frames. Simply, it transforms and brings a certain frame together into a new or in an event. In particular, media, journalism and education are all heavily influenced by media’s powerful framings and transversals. Accordingly, much of media change and cultural/social change can be seen in these industries.

Here, music industry will explain an example for concept of transversality. Music listeners used to listen to the song by purchasing actual copy of music CD and DVD before when internet and apps penetrate. Whereas now, the emergence of new frame form of iTunes, Spotify and music sharing sties reframe the way that it crosses medium due to technological advances of music production. Indeed, music industry has changed due to the fact and has become more transversal as in making music and distributing. As transversality in music industry enables us to enjoy, there is raising issue of piracy on the other hand. Due to media technologies, anyone can download music easily through P2P sharing sites.

Some might say are industries aspects of society “dying” or are they more alive than before. I think it allows industry to be more alive yet there is still piracy issue but because of media technology, people can create/make music, distribute and share it through such SoundCloud. Additionally, media transversality also influences on journalism and education industries. Traditionally, we can only access news through newspaper, radio or television where now, digital version of journalism crosses different fields bring the fields together images, videos and text – transversals between newspaper and blogs/other sites. Similar to music industry, it causes the quality of news because professional “bloggers” are unlikely to concern with its facts and resources.

Education has become more technical and has given more opportunities of learning such as moodle, wordpress and online courses. Compared to traditional classroom and online courses, online media increases the interaction between students and teachers through video lecture or podcast, etc in general. I can also learn or pick up new things through YouTube and TED watching online education.

There is no such a one single media frame, all frame work together combining with different fields. Frames and transversality will always influence on shaping our thinking, feeling and doing accordingly.

 

WK #8: TRANSVERSALLY

References

Murphie, A 2006 ‘Editorial’, the Fibreculture Journal, viewed on , accessed at <http://nine.fibreculturejournal.org/>.